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Wednesday, 4 February 2015
Recent Study Shows That The Year 2014 Has Been Recorded As The Hottest Year Since 1880
The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) said on Tuesday that research conducted by two U.S. agencies had recored 2014 as the hottest year since 1880. The NEMA Director-General, Alhaji Muhammad Sani-Sidi, made this known on Tuesday in Abuja during a stakeholders platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.
The two-day stakeholders platform was organised by NEMA in preparation for the United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction scheduled to hold in March at Sendai, Japan.
Sani-Sidi, who was represented by Alhassan Nuhu, NEMA’s Director, Risk Reduction, identified the agencies as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
NASA is the agency responsible for the civilian space programme as well as aeronautics aerospace research the NOAA is a federal agency focusing on the condition of the oceans and the atmosphere.
Sani-Sidi said that the report released by these agencies revealed that the world was getting hotter due to climate change.
He quoted the report as saying that “temperatures have consistently been recorded since 1880, providing well over a century of data.
“The reports revealed that on the average, 2014 turned out to beat the average temperature of any other year since 1880 — 0.69 degree Celsius (about 1.24 farenheit)
“As a nation, we need to brace up and scale up on our preparedness in reducing vulnerability and the underlying risk factors in our communities.
Sani-Sidi said that NEMA was working with the relevant stakeholders to ensure that individuals and the nation as a whole, build resilience to disaster risk reduction.
In a goodwill message, Joseph Alozie, the General Manager, Climate Services, Nigeria Meteorological Agency (NIMET), noted that people’s attitude had aggravated environmental challenges.
“In recent years, we have challenges with heat and cold, due to very high and low temperatures.’’
According to him, in 2014, a town in Kano State recorded the lowest temperature as low as 4.9 degree Celsius, which he described as an unusual one.
Alozie noted that the key to disaster risk reduction was early warning, adding that NIMET had been doing a lot of early warning through the production of several products, the key of which is the Seasonal Rainfall Prediction (SRP).
“It is good to know that in the SRP, the information is given as to when a disaster will occur and when it would occur.’’ He promised that NIMET would continue to collaborate with NEMA.
In another remark, Moses Beckley, the Acting Director-General, National Hydrological Services Agency (NHSA) said that overcrowding, poverty, unemployment and inadequate infrastructures and services further weaken urban resilience during natural disaster.
He, however, advised that it was necessary for people to be conscious of their activities, stressing that “whatever we do will always have adverse effects on the climate.’’